Welcome to Hangzhou


 

Hangzhou is located along Southeast coast of China. It is the capital of Zhejiang Province, the center of politics, economy, science, education, and culture of the province. Hangzhou is a key national tourism city, historical city and vice provincial level city as confirmed by the State Council. Hangzhou is renowned as "Paradise on Earth", "Cultural State", "Home of Silk", "Tea Capital", "Town of Fish and Rice" The total area of the city covers 16,596 Km2 with a population of 6,776,400 (December, 2008).

 

Historical Vicissitudes

 

Hangzhou has enjoyed a history of over 2,200 years since the county administration was established in Qin Dynasty. It is one of the cradles of Huaxia (China) Civilization. As early as over 5,000 years ago, there were human beings multiplying and living in Hangzhou area, creating Liangzhu Culture known as the Dawn of Civilization. In the 13th century, the Italian traveler Macro Polo admired Hangzhou as "the Most Splendid and Luxurious City in the World".

 

 

Administrative Districts

 

Under the jurisdiction of Hangzhou are the 8 districts of Shangcheng, Xiacheng, Jianggan, Gongshu, Xihu, Binjiang, Xiaoshan and Yuhang, the 3 county-level cities of Jiande, Fuyang and Lin'an, and t h e 2 co unt ie s of Tonglu and Chun'an. There are 198 villages and towns(districts), including 31 villages, 105 towns and 62 districts, with a total area of 16,596 square kilometers, including an area of 3,068 square kilometers in the urban.

 

 

Historical Cultural Heritage

 

The profound historical cultural heritage of Hangzhou promote innovation and mutual development by piecing together the Wu and Yue Civilization in Tang and Song Dynasty, the Religious heritage of Buddha and Taoism in Jin, Wei, Sui and Tang Dynasty, the continental and the imperial custom in South Song dynasty, as well as the Islamic and Christian believes to fuse into an enormous cultural integrity. The rainbow of West Lake, the Liangzhu ruin, the Wuyue heritage, South Song Civilization as well as those of Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty, and period during the Repubic of China contribute the merits of their unique culture, coping with the natural scenic beauty, the Chinese gardens, the religion, the architecture, the celebrities, the customs, the silk, the tea, and great variety of food creation, all put together to make up the delicacy, harmony and classic taste of Hangzhou Culture. The Great Cannel provides a rose bed for the plants, the water view, the local opera, and the Temple Fair custom to represent the openness and tolerance in the characteristic of Hangzhou so that the classic and the popular could both found their position. Especially the Qiantang River culture with rolling tide running forward mark the broad mind and heart of the Hangzhou People.

 

Hangzhou WestLake

 

Renowned People

 

Hangzhou fostered a galaxy of culturally significant celebrities including philosophers such as Gong Zizhen and Zhang Taiyan; reat writers such as Bai Juyi, Lin Hejing, Fan Zhongyan, Chen Ruisheng, Luo Guanzhong, Shi Naian, Yu Dafu, Feng Zikai, Xiayan; Dramatists such as Li Yu and Hong Sheng; Artists suh as Litang, Liu Songnian, Ma Yuan, Xia Qi, Li Song, Wu Changshuo, Huang Binhong, Pan Tianshou, Huang Gongwang, Lin Fengmian, Gai Jiaotian; Scholars of Chinese such as Yu Quyuan and Ma Yifu; Scientists such as Shen Kuo, Bi Sheng, Li Zhizao, Zhu Kezhen, Mao Yisheng, Qian Xueseng; Education experts such as Lin Qi, Tao Xingzhi, Li Shutong; Scholars of medicine such as Wu Shangxian, Zhu Danxi, Wang Mengying; Great patriots such as Yue Fei, Yu Qian, and Zhang Cangshui.

 

 


 

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